Monthly Archives: October 2016

Chinese Tea

Tea leaf selection

The highest grade white tea, yellow tea and green tea are made from tender tea shoots picked early Spring. These young tea shoots may consist of a single terminal bud, a bud with an adjacent leaf or a bud with two adjacent slightly unfurled leaves. It is generally required that the leaves are equal in length or shorter than the buds.

The more oxidised tea such as red tea or oolong tea () are made from more mature leaves. The Anxi Tieguanyin (), for example, is made from one bud with two to four leaves.

Not all high grade green tea is made from tender tea shoots. The highly regarded green tea Liu An Gua Pian is made from more matured leaves.

Traditionally these tender tea shoots are picked before 5 April, or Qing Ming Jie. The standard practice is to start picking when 5% of the garden is ready, or when the tea buds reach certain size. In some tea gardens, tea shoots are picked daily, or every 2 days.

Chinese tea history

Tea (Camellia sinensis) is native to China. The ancient Chinese used them for medical purposes, then developed the infusion we know as tea; to this day tea is said to purge the digestive system of ‘toxins’. Later the Chinese learned to grow tea plants and use their leaves to make various types of tea.

Many different types of tea were grown during each of the dynasties in China.

Tang Dynasty

A list of the differing grades of tea grown in the Tang Dynasty:

Premier Grade Tea: Xiazhou, Guangzhou, Huzhou, Yuezhou, Pengzhou.

Second Grade Tea: Jingzhou, Ranzhou, Changzhou, Mingzhou.

Third Grade Tea: Shouzhou, Hangzhou, Muzhou, Hengzhou, Taizhou, Xuanzhou, Yiazhou, Luzhou.

Fourth Grade Tea: Jinzhou, Lianzhou, Huangzhou, Sozhou, Yunzhou, Hanzhou, Meizhou.

Tea dates back to the West Zhou Period in ancient China, when the Chinese used tea as offerings. Since then, tea leaves have been eaten as vegetables, used as medicine, and, since the Han dynasty, infused in boiling water, the new drink making tea into a major commodity.

Song Dynasty

Tea was an important crop during the Song Dynasty. Tea farms covered 242 counties. This included expensive tribute tea; tea from Zhejiang and Fujian provinces, where some was exported to Southeast Asian and the Arab countries.

In the Song Dynasty, tea started to be pressed into tea cake, some embossed with patterns of the dragon and the Phoenix and was called exotic names including:

Large dragon tea cake

Large Dragon tea cake, Small Dragon tea cake, Surpass Snow Dragon ball cake, Fine Silver Sprout, Cloud Leaf, Gold Money, Jade Flower, Inch of Gold, Longevity Sprout, Eternal Spring Jade Leave, Dragon in the Clouds, Longevity Dragon Sprout, Dragon Phoenix and Flower, Eternal Spring Silver Sprout.

Ming Dynasty

Ming dynasty scholar Wen Zhenheng’s book Zhang Wu Zhi (On Superfluous Things) chapter 12 contains description of several famous Ming dynasty teas:

Tiger Hill Tea and Heaven Pool Tea

During this time Tiger Hill Tea (not to be confused with the “black” tea of the same name from the Nilgiris District in what is now Tamil Nadu in southeastern India) was purportedly developed as (still) the finest tea in the world, however, the production quantity was rather small, and growing is regulated by the Chinese government. Some, however, consider its taste to be second to Heaven Pool tea. Zhen Heng.[citation needed]

Jie Tea

Jie Tea () from Chang Xing in Zhejiang Province () is superb and highly regarded, though rather expensive.

NB: “Jie” is the short name for “Luo Jie” (). Luo Jie is the name of a mountain bordering Zhejiang and Jing Qi where, during the Ming dynasty, “jie” meant boundary. Chang Xin lay to the south of Luo Jie mountain while Jing Qi lay to the north of it. Chang Xin still retains its name today.

Luo yeye shi chou Jie tea from Gu Chu mountain in Chang Xing county in Zhejiang was also known as Gu Chu Voilet Shoot. Gu Chu Voilet Shoot had been imperial tribute tea since the Tang dynasty for nearly nine hundred years until the middle of the Qin dynasty. Gu Chu Voilet Shoot was revived again in the seventies as a top grade tea in China.

NB. Jin Qi is now called Yi Xin township. Jin Qi tea was also known as Yang Xian tea. Ruo Leaves are leaves from Indocalamus tessellatus bamboo. The leaf is about 45 cm long.

Liu An Tea

“Liu An” tea () is used for Chinese medicine, although if it is not baked right, it cannot let out its aroma and has a bitter taste. The inherent quality of this tea is actually quite good. Wen Zhenheng

This type of tea is especially suitable for people who are suffering from gastric problem.

Note: Liu An is a county in Anhui Province () in China. Liu An tea is still produced in Liu An county. The Liu An tea from the Bat Cave of Jin Zai () county is of superior quality, as thousand of bats in the cave can provide an ideal fertilizer for the tea plants.

Song Luo Tea

Song Luo tea is manufactured at Song Luo mountain located north of Xiu Ning township () in An Hui province () in China. The tea farms are scattered at an elevation of six to seven hundred meters on the mountain.

There is no real Song Luo tea grown outside an area of a dozen mu* and only one or two families possess the refined skill to prepare Song Luo tea. The tea hand-baked recently by mountain monks is even better.

Genuine Song Luo tea is produced at the foot of the Dong Shan (Cave Hill) and on top of the Tian Chi (Heaven Pool), highly treasured by people in Xin’an County. It is also a favorite for the people of Nan Du and Qu Zong counties, due to its ease in brewing and intense aroma.

One mu = 667 square meters.

Dragon Well Tea and Eyes on Heaven Tea

Long Jing tea () and Tian Mu () tea may match Heaven Pool tea due to the weather in their growing regions. Because the cold season comes earlier to the mountains, there is abundant snow in the winter, hence the tea plants germinate later. [Wen Zhenheng]

Long Jing tea is manufactured in the West Lake () district in Hangzhou city, China. There is a Longjing (Dragon Well) on the Feng Huang mountain (). Tian Mu mountain is located in Lin An county () in the north west of Zhejiang province (). There are two 1500-meter peaks, each with a pond on top filled with crystal clear water looking like an eye, hence the name of Eyes on Heaven.

Varieties

Green tea

White tea

Black tea

Oolong tea

Pu-erh tea

Yellow tea

Chrysanthemum tea

Jasmine tea

Kudin tea

Medicinal tea

Quick tea (Instant tea)

Films

2007 – All In This Tea. Co-directed by Les Blank and Gina Leibrecht.

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: China tea

Chinese tea culture

History of tea in China

Tea Classics

Tea

References

The references in this article or section may not meet Wikipedia’s guidelines for reliable sources.

Please help by checking whether the references meet the criteria for reliable sources. Further discussion may be found on the talk page.

^ Amazing-Green-Tea.com, “”The Chinese Green Tea Crown Jewel””. http://www.amazing-green-tea.com/chinese-green-tea.html. , www.amazing-green-tea.com

Netsons.org “The History of Chinese Tea”

About.com “Chinese Tea Drinking”

Wen Zhen Heng: On Superfluous Things, Zhang Wu Zhi

Translated by Gisling from Wen Zhenheng: Zhang Wu Zhi

v d e

Tea

Types of tea

Black tea  Blended and flavored teas  Green tea  Oolong tea  Post-fermented tea  White tea  Yellow tea   Kukicha

Tea beverages

Bubble tea  Iced tea  Lei cha  Jagertee  Masala chai  Teh tarik  Thai tea  Teh botol  Butter tea

Tea culture

American  British  Chinese  Hong Kong  Indian  Japanese  Korean  Moroccan  Nepalese  Russian  Taiwanese  Sri Lanka   Turkish  Vietnamese

Other

Tea bag  Tea brick  Tea consumption  Tea garden  Tea house  Teapot  Tea tasting  Health effects of tea

Further Reading

Evans, John C., Tea in China: The History of China’s National Drink. Contributions to the Study of World History, Number 33. Greenwood Press: New York; Westport, Connecticut; London, 1992. ISSN: 0885-9159, ISBN: 0-313-28049-5.

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Chinatown – The Chinese Soul Of Singapore

Singapores society has always been a healthy cultural mix of many peoples and cultures from Malays to the Tamils to the Chinese. Each group has made a unique contribution to the interesting society and tradition that Singapore is proud of, and made it into a colourful story unique to the land. As for the ethnic Chinese of Singapore who make up a considerable number among the population of the city, nowhere is their presence as strong and standing out as in the Chinatown in the heart of the city.

Known in Chinese as Niu che shui; meaning ox-cart water which reflects the tradition of the old days where ox-carts brought water to the homes in the street, the Chinatown is a unique neighbourhood with its own historic heritage. In fact, the place has been declared as a site of conservation by the government of Singapore due to its unique architecture and cultural background. In present day the Singapore Chinatown is one of its major tourist attractions, and consists of interesting places like the Chinatown Food Street, and the Chinatown Night market which add a bit of colour and spice to this old neighbourhood.

The Chinatown is quite an expansive city region with several key areas. It has a crisscrossing network of streets, each with an intriguing story to tell and a rich history behind it; like the Pagoda Street which used to be the seedier area with its slave traffic and opium dens, and the impressive Trengganu Street renowned as The Piccadilly of Chinese Singapore with its quaint shop houses where you can find anything on sale from Buddha statues to shark fins to dried frogs. Rest assured there is no end to sightseeing, shopping and dining in Chinatown with all its little nuances and surprises. The vibrant history of the place is still alive even today when you take a stroll down its streets and alleyways, taking in the Chinese Spirit of this ageing neighbourhood which the city dwellers strive to preserve for tomorrow as part of their identity.

For your stay while you explore, a Singapore luxury hotel is easy to find close by. Classy Singapore hotels like the Shangri-la hotel, Singapore can be the staging point from where you take some time out to explore the Chinatown knowing full well each day you will find out some new quirk in this pleasant old neighbourhood.

Pushpitha Wijesinghe is an experienced independent freelance writer. He specializes in providing a wide variety of content and articles related to the travel hospitality industry.

Chinese Leather Are

Chinese leather are – Water Town located in the southeast coast of Zhejiang Province, Aojiang upstream, is a national scenic spot Yandang south east gate is Pingyang economic sub-center, and the county Peikang regional economic, cultural and transportation center and material distribution center, known for beautiful landscapes, vast and economically vibrant hinterland known. The town a total area of 36.3 square kilometers of arable land area of 15672 acres under the jurisdiction of five offices, 45 administrative villages and 14 residential areas, household population of 70000 people, more than 20000 foreign workers.

 Water Town has a strategic location, nature’s treasures, outstanding people. Since the Third Plenum, Water Town people warm spring breezes and promptly seize the opportunity to concentrate their energies on economic development, and unswervingly push forward reform and opening up the development of indomitable resolve the outstanding issues and leather-year period began in the Song Dynasty carry forward the traditional industries, forming the country’s largest pig leather processing base. The new century, water-Town by the State named “Chinese skin is.” More than 550 existing tannery town, the annual output value of more than 30 million, of which a hundred million of the tannery are six, nine consecutive years, exports highest in foreign exchange out town, Wenzhou City, Wenzhou, comprehensive economic strength into the strong Town ranks, the rise of the leather, leather products, leather clothing, pet supplies, badminton, iron and other six pillar industries. Water Town has won the National District efforts are excellent towns, Zhejiang Province town of Health, Zhejiang Province town of sports art, education, strong town of Zhejiang province, Wenzhou city civilizations Town, Pingyang Town, such as industrial-Star honor.

 In 2001, the town achieved a GDP of 1.14 billion, industrial and agricultural output value of more than 35 billion yuan, the value of export supply 1.04 billion yuan, financial revenue 125 million, per capita income of urban residents reached 8503 yuan, per capita income of farmers to 4800 RMB. The rise of a number of million villages and well-off village, took the lead into the Wenzhou City, the ranks of the first well-off towns.

 Water Town perfected urban infrastructure, water, electricity, roads, education, health, communications, marketing and other relatively developed, the town of 110 KV and 35 KV substations each one; 11,000 tons a water plant; program-controlled telephone 3 thousand doors, mobile phones, two thousand doors; roads extend in all directions, with 57 trans-provincial highway in this town connected with the 104 national highway, head Pingyang County’s North Harbor Boulevard Avenue and dovetail day sent to the national inter-provincial bus more than 100 times, and gradually improved passenger and freight transport center to lead the city’s comprehensive transport system. Town water, increasing their overseas investment in education. All the town to build a new primary and secondary schools, garden-style unique new campus, the environment pleasant, and cultural atmosphere of a strong, flat is the city’s two first-class high school, Zhejiang A-Senior High School; Shuitou a demonstration in the provincial rural areas junior high school. Water Town market discipline, clean and tidy. Leather City, Zhejiang Province south of the provincial civilized regulate the market, provincial and regional key markets, trade with an integrated market is the province of road three-star market. China tiger Shuitou Hao Group is the most representative of modern enterprise, the production of high-grade casual series of products and high-grade casual suit products, and striving for casual wear brand in China. Fu Hao Hotel, Pegasus Hotel facilities in central and western regions respectively, the county’s most complete three-star, two star hotel, with offices, conference, accommodation, catering and entertainment as one of the landmark building.

 Town water, unique geographical conditions, farm goods Toyozane diverse, native products very local features, including sugar cane, taro, water chestnut bamboo shoots, green tea, etc. fame of.

 Town water, rich in tourism resources, beautiful landscapes, numerous cultural landscape, travel, sightseeing, an ideal place for summer – South Yandangshan as well as important patriotic education bases – Chess monuments and Southern Song Dynasty poetry, the patriotic poet Lin Ji-shan Forest of Stone Tablets, the provincial seat of a big lie Feng crown tip, Ma Tau Town Gang are close to the water.

 On the occasion of the new century, the institutional transformation, restructuring of the historical period, the water Town will combine practical, to accelerate the pace of reform and opening up, create new advantages in innovation performance, with a new attitude toward “the western commercial center of Wenzhou”, “Zhejiang Province, an important export-oriented economic base, “” a modern small city “,” Chinese leather capital “of the development goals of dignity and strive to move forward.

I am China Quality Lighting writer, reports some information about umbrella stroller twins , cable car toy.

Learn Chinese Quick

So, you are looking to learn Chinese quick, but have had no idea where to start. Maybe you have considered taking a class, or teaching yourself from a book you purchased, or possibly learning through a program you saw online, but you aren’t sure what the best approach would be and would rather not spend your time and money without getting a little guidance and doing some research first. Well in this article I will break down the various approaches to learning Chinese, discuss which are the most time effective, and which are the most effective systems to learn Chinese period (although they may not be the most time efficient.)

The first option that I see many people try first is to purchase a textbook, Chinese-English dictionary, or some other “Learn Chinese” book from the local bookstore. The appeal of this system is that you can work at your own pace, and these books are typically far cheaper than taking a class or online course. The downside is that this method will not help you learn Chinese quick (typically takes forever) and your pronunciation will likely end up being horrible due to not actually hearing the word spoken correctly.

The second option is to take a class. This has the benefit of providing you with actual exposure to the language as it is spoken, with a teacher to correct you if you mispronounce the words. The downside to this option is cost (the most expensive option by far) and time. It is not time-sensitive as it will require you to attend class regularly, taking time out of your day in order to take the class. Also, you will not be able to proceed at your own pace.

The third option is to purchase and use a program. These programs typically come in a kind of kit with flash cards, computer games, CDs or computer programs that speak the words to you so that you can get the pronunciation right, and examples of conversational Chinese. In my opinion this is the most effective approach, with the benefits including learning Chinese quick, going at your own pace, cost effective (more than a book, but cheaper than a class), and it does pronounce the words to you so that you are not lacking in the pronunciation of your Chinese.

For the best option to learn Chinese quick, I recommend Rocket Chinese, one of the best of the programs I mentioned above.

Top Benefits Of Healthy Slow Cooker Recipes

Crock pots are the new American idols. Healthy slow cooker recipes are stealing the limelight from the regularly prepared meals. Sorry, microwaves and non-stick pans.

 

Top Benefits Of Slow Cooking

Cooking meals in a slow cooker comes with immense benefits. The four topmost benefits that immediately come to the mind are:

 

You save time because what you need is only to put the ingredients in the cooker and let it cook.
It’s convenient when you’re out of the house the whole day. You come home to a prepared dinner.
The food retains all its nutrients because there is no deep frying or over-cooking.
As the food is cooked slowly, the flavor gets distributed evenly and makes the food tastier.

 

Nutritional Benefits Of Vegetarian Slow Cooker Recipes

When you cook in water or broth, your meal does not contain additional calories – ideal for those on a weight loss program.
Hard vegetables get converted into tender and juicy meals.
You can easily prepare an all-in-one meal by blending lean proteins and vegetables. Such a meal is highly nutritious and delicious.
The cooking liquid such as the broth or water is not discarded in healthy slow cooker recipes. You make it a part of the dish and they contain the nutrients released from the vegetables.

 

Introducing Slow Cookers And Crock Pots

 

This kitchen appliance is a ceramic pot enclosed in a metal container. The food ingredients of healthy slow cooker recipes are put inside the ceramic pot. You place the lid on, plug the cooker in, switch on the power, and let the ingredients release their aroma, flavor, and nutrients generously in every inch of the pot. The natural condensation that occurs due to slow cooking traps in the heat as well as the flavor. As you lift the lid of the pot when the meal is ready, your senses are tantalized by the heavenly aroma of freshly cooked food – enough to give you a horse’s appetite.

How To Buy The Right Slow Cooker Or Crock Pot

The size of the crock pot depends on the size of your family. For a big family, a 4-6 quart pot is ideal. For just a couple of people, a one quart pot is best to prepare easy slow cooker recipes. Choose a cooker with multiple settings and other features like a timer, automatic shut-off, or a warmer. Such features prove to be quite helpful for people who remain outdoors for 8 to 10 hours. There are cookers that feature digital temperature reading or temperature gauge. It ensures that the pot maintains a safe temperature for cooking food. This cuts off the risk of illnesses related to over-cooking or under-cooking food.

 

Generally, crock pots are available in oval and round shapes. For easy cleaning, get a pot with detachable inner ceramic container, which is safe to wash in a dishwasher.

 

 

Once you’ve got a smart crock pot suitable for your needs, start preparing some healthy slow cooker recipes, including soups, desserts and casseroles. Enjoy.

Broccoli Recipes ? Eat Healthy to Stay Fit

Want to understand that why individuals are making healthy food a part of their active lifestyle? Yes! Wholesome eating is currently a helpful habit as well as a chic statement. Weight watchers and health aware individuals are checking for nutritional meals that impart taste along with strength. One such food is Broccoli. You must be astonished by knowing that even if broccoli belongs to the family of cauliflower and cabbage but it contains much more nutrients than other vegetables. Broccoli may include a healthy touch to your vegetarian platter.

Now let me emphasize on the nutritive benefits of broccoli recipes. Broccoli is assumed to be birthed in Roman civilization but it has broaden its acceptance all over the globe mainly in American styles of cooking. Gorged of nutritional vitamins and minerals, broccoli preparations are forever packed with an additional punch of nutrients. Some of the serious diseases like colon cancer and high blood pressure are typically treated with the regular use of broccoli in meals. Remember the days when mother use to push for consuming broccoli, she was correct. This ‘wonder vegetable’ contains numerous advantages and could be customized relating to the preparations.

If you are thinking that broccoli preparations might be difficult to make then I am here to present you some easy and healthy broccoli dishes originating from my personal experiences. Broccoli needs little cooking, say like, blanching or just steaming. Over-cooking may ruin the significant nutritional value of this nourishing vegetable. The crispy florets of broccoli may fondly be incorporated in salad dishes. Broccoli salad with yogurt dressing is one of many fastest and nutritious broccoli dishes. Peas, Tomato, onion and celery are some of the veggies that may offer healthy company to broccoli dishes.

Another delight in the list of broccoli dishes is broccoli casserole. This dish may be presented as a complete meal with some bread. After a full hectic day, this easy and beneficial dish would be bliss of health for all lazy cooks. Broccoli cheese soup and broccoli quiche are some of the other well-admired broccoli recipes that are not only delicious but laden with nutrients as well.

For novice chefs, internet is the well-suited alternative for collecting some of the most delicious broccoli preparations. Nowadays there are countless cookery websites accessible that put forward finest and the healthy recipes with lots of exciting components. So move ahead and have pleasure with delicious Broccoli Preparations.

For additional information on Tasty Broccoli recipes please visit Broccoli Recipe. You can also have a look at some awesome Broccoli Casserole recipes by clicking Broccoli casserole recipe.